Foreign Affairs, Governance, Military

ROK Elections and DPRK Provocations

To study the relationship between North Korean provocations and South Korean elections, Beyond Parallel created a new database of events incorporating both presidential and national assembly elections from the Republic of Korea (ROK) over the last six decades. The event set was cross-tabulated with Beyond Parallel’s original dataset on North Korean provocations. Based on this cross-comparison, the correlation between North Korean provocations and South Korean elections was calculated in terms of a “provocation window.” The provocation window was defined as the number of days or weeks between a North Korean provocation and an ROK election event (either before or after it occurred). For analysis click here.

ROK Elections and DPRK Provocations

Election YearElection TypeProvocation DescriptionProvocation Window Before/After ElectionProvocation Date
02/05/1958 National Assembly Hijacking of South Korean Plane 75 days before election 16/02/1958
02/05/1958 National Assembly U.S. Plane Shot Down by NK 57 days before election 06/03/1958
15/03/1960 Presidential NK Fighter Jets Attack U.S. Navy Plane 274 days before election 15/06/1959
12/08/1960 Presidential Exchange of Fire and Sinking of NK Vessel 13 days before election 30/07/1960
29/06/1960 National Assembly Exchange of Fire and Sinking of NK Vessel 31 days after election 30/07/1960
15/10/1963 Presidential DMZ Exchange of Fire 329 days before election 20/11/1962
15/10/1963 Presidential DMZ Exchange of Fire 78 days before election 29/07/1963
26/11/1963 National Assembly NK Attacks U.S. Airforce Plane 354 days after election 14/11/1964
26/11/1963 National Assembly NK Fighter Jets Attack U.S. Reconnaissance Plane 519 days after election 28/04/1965
03/05/1967 Presidential Infiltration and Incursion 351 days before election 17/05/1966
03/05/1967 Presidential DMZ Exchange of Fire 182 days before election 02/11/1966
03/05/1967 Presidential Sinking of South Korean Patrol Boat 104 days before election 19/01/1967
03/05/1967 Presidential Infiltration and Incursion (Territorial) 21 days before election 12/04/1967
03/05/1967 Presidential Infiltration and Incursion (Maritime) 16 days before election 17/04/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Attack on U.S. Military Barracks 17 days before election 22/05/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 2 days after election 10/06/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 9 days after election 17/06/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 15 days after election 23/06/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 20 days after election 28/06/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 21 days after election 29/06/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 25 days after election 03/07/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 27 days after election 05/07/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 36 days after election 14/07/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 40 days after election 18/07/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Ambush on U.S. Soldiers 63 days after election 10/08/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Ambush on U.S. Soldiers 81 days after election 28/08/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Ambush on U.S. Soldiers 82 days after election 29/08/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Bombing of Train Station Terror Act 89 days after election 05/09/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Bombing of Train Station Terror Act 97 days after election 13/09/1967
08/06/1967 National Assembly Raid on Blue House (Cheong Wa Dae) 227 days after election 21/01/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Seizure of USS Pueblo 229 days after election 23/01/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - DMZ Exchange of Fire 311 days after election 14/04/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - DMZ Exchange of Fire 318 days after election 21/04/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - DMZ Exchange of Fire 424 days after election 05/08/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - Exchange of Fire on Jeju Island 440 days after election 21/08/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - Arrest of Spy Ring on Jeju Island 443 days after election 24/08/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - Exchange of Fire 448 days after election 29/08/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - DMZ Exchange of Fire 469 days after election 19/09/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - Exchange of Fire at West MDL 474 days after election 24/09/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - DMZ Exchange of Fire 503 days after election 23/10/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - Exchange of Fire at Uljin & Samcheok 510 days after election 30/10/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - Exchange of Fire at Uljin & Samcheok 511 days after election 31/10/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - Exchange of Fire at Uljin & Samcheok 512 days after election 01/11/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - Exchange of Fire at Uljin & Samcheok 513 days after election 02/11/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - Exchange of Fire at Uljin & Samcheok 514 days after election 03/11/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - Exchange of Fire at Uljin 523 days after election 12/11/1968
08/06/1967 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - DMZ Exchange of Fire 646 days after election 15/03/1969
08/06/1967 National Assembly Assault by NK Armed Agent 649 days after election 18/03/1969
08/06/1967 National Assembly Attack on U.S. Reconnaissance Plane 677 days after election 15/04/1969
27/04/1971 Presidential Infiltration and Sinking of North Korean Vessel 688 days before election 08/06/1969
27/04/1971 Presidential Capture of NK Spy Naval Vessel 684 days before election 12/06/1969
27/04/1971 Presidential Sinking of NK Spy Naval Vessel 561 days before election 13/10/1969
27/04/1971 Presidential Hijacking of South Korean Plane 502 days before election 11/12/1969
27/04/1971 Presidential Hijacking of JAL Aircraft (Boeing 727) 392 days before election 31/03/1970
27/04/1971 Presidential Infiltration and Sinking of North Korean Vessel 388 days before election 04/04/1970
27/04/1971 Presidential Infiltration and Incursion 384 days before election 08/04/1970
27/04/1971 Presidential Seizure of South Korean Broadcasting Vessel 326 days before election 05/06/1970
27/04/1971 Presidential Infiltration and Capture of North Korean Vessel 302 days before election 29/06/1970
27/04/1971 Presidential Infiltration and Sinking of North Korean Vessel 273 days before election 28/07/1970
27/04/1971 Presidential Infiltration and Sinking of North Korean Vessel 199 days before election 10/10/1970
27/04/1971 Presidential Attempted Hijacking of KAL Aircraft 94 days before election 23/01/1971
25/05/1971 National Assembly Infiltration and Sinking of North Korean Vessel 11 days before election 14/05/1971
25/05/1971 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 7 days after election 01/06/1971
25/05/1971 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion - Exchange of Fire at DMZ 83 days after election 16/08/1971
23/12/1972 Presidential Exchange of Fire at DMZ 74 days after election 07/03/1973
27/02/1973 National Assembly Exchange of Fire at DMZ 8 days after election 07/03/1973
27/02/1973 National Assembly Sinking of SK Fishing Boats and 30 Fishermen Detained 353 days after election 15/02/1974
27/02/1973 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 448 days after election 21/05/1974
27/02/1973 National Assembly Sinking of South Korean Coast Guard Vessel 486 days after election 28/06/1974
27/02/1973 National Assembly Attempted Assasination of President Park Chung-hee 534 days after election 15/08/1974
27/02/1973 National Assembly Infiltration and Discovery of NK Tunnel System 631 days after election 20/11/1974
27/02/1973 National Assembly Collision and Sinking of North Korean Vessel 729 days after election 26/02/1975
27/02/1973 National Assembly Major Henderson Incident 853 days after election 30/06/1975
27/02/1973 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 926 days after election 11/09/1975
27/02/1973 National Assembly Infiltration and Sinking of North Korean Vessel 951 days after election 06/10/1975
06/07/1978 Presidential Infiltration and Incursion 745 days before election 21/06/1976
06/07/1978 Presidential Panmunjom Axe Murder Incident 687 days before election 18/08/1976
06/07/1978 Presidential Infiltration and Sinking of North Korean Vessel 69 days before election 28/04/1978
06/07/1978 Presidential Infiltration and Sinking of North Korean Vessel 48 days before election 19/05/1978
12/12/1978 National Assembly Killing of South Korean Civilians 38 days before election 04/11/1978
12/12/1978 National Assembly Exchange of Fire at DMZ 35 days before election 07/11/1978
06/12/1979 Presidential Infiltration and Sinking of North Korean Vessel 138 days before election 21/07/1979
06/12/1979 Presidential Infiltration and Incursion 108 days after election 23/03/1980
27/08/1980 Presidential Infiltration and Sinking of North Korean Vessel 67 days before election 21/06/1980
27/08/1980 Presidential Exchange of Fire 69 days after election 04/11/1980
25/02/1981 Presidential Infiltration and Sinking of North Korean Vessel 85 days before election 02/12/1980
25/03/1981 National Assembly Infiltration and Sinking of North Korean Vessel 88 days after election 21/06/1981
25/03/1981 National Assembly NK Fires at U.S. Reconnaissance Plane 154 days after election 26/08/1981
12/02/1985 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 557 days before election 05/08/1983
12/02/1985 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 549 days before election 13/08/1983
12/02/1985 National Assembly Explosion at U.S. Cultural Center in Taegu 509 days before election 22/09/1983
12/02/1985 National Assembly The Rangoon Bombing 492 days before election 09/10/1983
12/02/1985 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 437 days before election 03/12/1983
12/02/1985 National Assembly Assault and Assassination Attempt 362 days before election 16/02/1984
12/02/1985 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 317 days before election 01/04/1984
12/02/1985 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 164 days before election 01/09/1984
12/02/1985 National Assembly Assault and Assassination Attempt 141 days before election 24/09/1984
12/02/1985 National Assembly Exchange of Fire (Ground) 81 days before election 23/11/1984
12/02/1985 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 115 days after election 07/06/1985
12/02/1985 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 250 days after election 20/10/1985
12/02/1985 National Assembly Exchange of Fire (Maritime) 436 days after election 24/04/1986
16/12/1987 Presidential Airport Terror Bombing 458 days before election 14/09/1986
16/12/1987 Presidential Exchange of Fire (Ground) 25 days before election 21/11/1987
16/12/1987 Presidential Bombing of South Korean Civilian Aircraft 17 days before election 29/11/1987
26/04/1988 National Assembly Bombing of South Korean Civilian Aircraft 149 days before election 29/11/1987
26/04/1988 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 676 days after election 03/03/1990
24/03/1992 National Assembly Medium-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 693 days before election 01/05/1990
24/03/1992 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 662 days before election 01/06/1990
24/03/1992 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 267 days before election 01/07/1991
24/03/1992 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 59 days after election 22/05/1992
24/03/1992 National Assembly Medium-range Ballistic Missile Launch 69 days after election 01/06/1992
18/12/1992 Presidential Medium-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 162 days after election 29/05/1993
18/12/1992 Presidential Medium-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 163 days after election 30/05/1993
18/12/1992 Presidential Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 529 days after election 31/05/1994
18/12/1992 Presidential Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 531 days after election 02/06/1994
11/04/1996 National Assembly U.S. Helicopter Shot Down 481 days before election 17/12/1994
11/04/1996 National Assembly Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 377 days before election 31/03/1995
11/04/1996 National Assembly Detainment of South Korean Vessel 254 days before election 01/08/1995
11/04/1996 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 177 days before election 17/10/1995
11/04/1996 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 169 days before election 25/10/1995
11/04/1996 National Assembly Territorial Provocation (Ground) 6 days before election 05/04/1996
11/04/1996 National Assembly Territorial Provocation (Ground) 5 days before election 06/04/1996
11/04/1996 National Assembly Territorial Provocation (Ground) 4 days before election 07/04/1996
11/04/1996 National Assembly Infiltration and Incursion 160 days after election 18/09/1996
11/04/1996 National Assembly Exchange of Fire (Ground) 161 days after election 19/09/1996
11/04/1996 National Assembly Exchange of Fire (Ground) 163 days after election 21/09/1996
11/04/1996 National Assembly Exchange of Fire (Ground) 164 days after election 22/09/1996
11/04/1996 National Assembly Exchange of Fire (Ground) 170 days after election 28/09/1996
11/04/1996 National Assembly Exchange of Fire (Ground) 172 days after election 30/09/1996
11/04/1996 National Assembly Exchange of Fire from Manhunt - Final Incident 208 days after election 05/11/1996
19/12/1997 Presidential Exchange of Fire (Ground) 253 days before election 10/04/1997
19/12/1997 Presidential Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 210 days before election 23/05/1997
19/12/1997 Presidential Territorial Provocation (Maritime) 197 days before election 05/06/1997
19/12/1997 Presidential Exchange of Fire (Ground) 156 days before election 16/07/1997
19/12/1997 Presidential Infiltration and Incursion 185 days after election 22/06/1998
19/12/1997 Presidential Infiltration and Incursion 205 days after election 12/07/1998
19/12/1997 Presidential Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 255 days after election 31/08/1998
19/12/1997 Presidential Infiltration and Incursion 336 days after election 20/11/1998
19/12/1997 Presidential Infiltration and Incursion 363 days after election 17/12/1998
13/04/2000 National Assembly First Yeonpyeong Naval Campaign 303 days before election 15/06/1999
13/04/2000 National Assembly NK Maritime Border Declaration 21 days before election 23/03/2000
19/12/2002 Presidential Territorial Incursion (Ground) 456 days before election 19/09/2001
19/12/2002 Presidential Territorial Incursion (Ground) 455 days before election 20/09/2001
19/12/2002 Presidential Territorial Incursion (Maritime) 362 days before election 22/12/2001
19/12/2002 Presidential Second Yeonpyeong Naval Campaign 173 days before election 29/06/2002
19/12/2002 Presidential Territorial Incursion (Air) 63 days after election 20/02/2003
19/12/2002 Presidential Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 67 days after election 24/02/2003
19/12/2002 Presidential Aircraft Interception 73 days after election 02/03/2003
19/12/2002 Presidential Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 81 days after election 10/03/2003
19/12/2002 Presidential Territorial Incursion (Maritime) 164 days after election 01/06/2003
19/12/2002 Presidential Exchange of Fire (Ground) 210 days after election 17/07/2003
19/12/2002 Presidential Territorial Incursion (Maritime) 232 days after election 08/08/2003
15/04/2004 National Assembly Territorial Incursion (Maritime) 236 days before election 23/08/2003
15/04/2004 National Assembly Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 178 days before election 20/10/2003
15/04/2004 National Assembly Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 381 days after election 01/05/2005
19/12/2007 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 652 days before election 07/03/2006
19/12/2007 Presidential Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile/Short-Range Missile Launches 533 days before election 04/07/2006
19/12/2007 Presidential Nuclear Test 436 days before election 09/10/2006
19/12/2007 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 208 days before election 25/05/2007
19/12/2007 Presidential Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 195 days before election 07/06/2007
19/12/2007 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 175 days before election 27/06/2007
19/12/2007 Presidential Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 100 days after election 28/03/2008
09/04/2008 National Assembly Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 12 days before election 28/03/2008
09/04/2008 National Assembly Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 51 days after election 30/05/2008
09/04/2008 National Assembly Killing of South Korean Tourist at Mt. Kumgang Resort 93 days after election 11/07/2008
09/04/2008 National Assembly Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 181 days after election 07/10/2008
09/04/2008 National Assembly Satellite Launch 361 days after election 05/04/2009
09/04/2008 National Assembly Nuclear Test / Short-Range Missile Launch 411 days after election 25/05/2009
09/04/2008 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 412 days after election 26/05/2009
09/04/2008 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 413 days after election 27/05/2009
09/04/2008 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 415 days after election 29/05/2009
09/04/2008 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 449 days after election 02/07/2009
09/04/2008 National Assembly Medium-range Ballistic Missile Launch 451 days after election 04/07/2009
09/04/2008 National Assembly Seizure of Fishing Boat at NLL 477 days after election 30/07/2009
09/04/2008 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 551 days after election 12/10/2009
09/04/2008 National Assembly Daecheong Naval Campaign 580 days after election 10/11/2009
09/04/2008 National Assembly NK Declares No-Sail Zone 657 days after election 26/01/2010
09/04/2008 National Assembly Artillery Fire 658 days after election 27/01/2010
09/04/2008 National Assembly Artillery Fire 659 days after election 28/01/2010
09/04/2008 National Assembly Artillery Fire 660 days after election 29/01/2010
09/04/2008 National Assembly NK Declares No-Sail Zone 662 days after election 31/01/2010
09/04/2008 National Assembly Sinking of the ROKS Cheonan 716 days after election 26/03/2010
11/04/2012 National Assembly Artillery Fire 611 days before election 09/08/2010
11/04/2012 National Assembly Shelling of Yeonpyeong Island 505 days before election 23/11/2010
11/04/2012 National Assembly Short-Range Surface-to-Air Missile Launch 308 days before election 08/06/2011
11/04/2012 National Assembly Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 13 days before election 29/03/2012
11/04/2012 National Assembly Satellite Launch 2 days after election 13/04/2012
19/12/2012 Presidential Satellite Launch 7 days before election 12/12/2012
19/12/2012 Presidential Nuclear Test 55 days after election 12/02/2013
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 86 days after election 15/03/2013
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 150 days after election 18/05/2013
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 151 days after election 19/05/2013
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 152 days after election 20/05/2013
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 435 days after election 27/02/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 439 days after election 03/03/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 440 days after election 04/03/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 452 days after election 16/03/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 458 days after election 22/03/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 459 days after election 23/03/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential Medium-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 462 days after election 26/03/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential NLL Exchange of Fire 467 days after election 31/03/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential NLL Exchange of Fire 519 days after election 22/05/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 554 days after election 26/06/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 557 days after election 29/06/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 560 days after election 02/07/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 567 days after election 09/07/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 571 days after election 13/07/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 584 days after election 26/07/2014
19/12/2012 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 603 days after election 14/08/2014
13/04/2016 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 585 days before election 06/09/2014
13/04/2016 National Assembly NLL Exchange of Fire 554 days before election 07/10/2014
13/04/2016 National Assembly DMZ Exchange of Fire 551 days before election 10/10/2014
13/04/2016 National Assembly DMZ Exchange of Fire 542 days before election 19/10/2014
13/04/2016 National Assembly Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 431 days before election 07/02/2015
13/04/2016 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 430 days before election 08/02/2015
13/04/2016 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 408 days before election 02/03/2015
13/04/2016 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 397 days before election 13/03/2015
13/04/2016 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 377 days before election 02/04/2015
13/04/2016 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 376 days before election 03/04/2015
13/04/2016 National Assembly Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile Launch 341 days before election 08/05/2015
13/04/2016 National Assembly Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launch 304 days before election 14/06/2015
13/04/2016 National Assembly Land Mine Explosion 253 days before election 04/08/2015
13/04/2016 National Assembly DMZ Exchange of Fire 237 days before election 20/08/2015
13/04/2016 National Assembly Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile Launch 137 days before election 28/11/2015
13/04/2016 National Assembly Nuclear Test 98 days before election 06/01/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Satellite Launch 66 days before election 07/02/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 41 days before election 03/03/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 34 days before election 10/03/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Medium-range Ballistic Missile Launch 26 days before election 18/03/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 23 days before election 21/03/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 15 days before election 29/03/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Long-Range Surface-to-Air Missile Launch 12 days before election 01/04/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile Launch 7 days before election 06/04/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 2 days after election 15/04/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile Launch 10 days after election 23/04/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 15 days after election 28/04/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 48 days after election 31/05/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 70 days after election 22/06/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile Launch 87 days after election 09/07/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Medium-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 97 days after election 19/07/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Medium-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 112 days after election 03/08/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile Launch 133 days after election 24/08/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Medium-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 145 days after election 05/09/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Nuclear Test 149 days after election 09/09/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 185 days after election 15/10/2016
13/04/2016 National Assembly Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 190 days after election 20/10/2016
09/05/2017 Presidential Medium-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 86 days before election 12/02/2017
09/05/2017 Presidential Short-Range Ballistic Missile Launch 64 days before election 06/03/2017
09/05/2017 Presidential Failed Ballistic Missile Launch 48 days before election 22/03/2017
09/05/2017 Presidential Medium-range Ballistic Missile Launch (East Sea) 34 days before election 05/04/2017
09/05/2017 Presidential Failed Ballistic Missile Launch 23 days before election 16/04/2017
Election YearElection TypeProvocation DescriptionProvocation Window Before/After ElectionProvocation Date